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A pacemaker is a small device that is placed in the chest or abdomen to help control abnormal heart rhythms. This device uses electrical pulses to prompt the heart to beat at a normal rate. Pacemakers are used to treat arrhythmias. Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. Read more about implantable cardiac devices.

Pacemaker and Defibrillator Testing and Follow-Up

After initial implantation of the pacemaker or defibrillator, the device is checked in the office with the doctor and company technician. After that the doctor will decide how often the device will be checked (usually every 3-12 months).

Read more about Testing and Follow-Up

Biventricular Pacemaker / Defibrillator Echocardiographic Optimisation

Using echocardiogram to optimize the pacemaker settings to maximize the efficiency of the heart as it pumps. Several individual echocardiography (echo) Doppler parameters have been used for pacemaker optimization with improvement in cardiac output acutely, a reduction in heart failure symptoms, and improved exercise capacity.

Read more Optimisation